What is a good skincare routine for Hyperpigmentation?
Do you have dark spots or patches appear on your skin? Do they fade and keeps coming back? Have you struggled to find good skin care products?
If your answer is yes, that means you have post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which commonly known as hyperpigmentation for short.
What is Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a common skin issue happens when the production of melanin is increased after it has been irritated or injured. Melanin is a natural pigment that is responsible for the color in our hair, skin, and eyes.
PIH can affect either your epidermis, which is your skin’s surface level, or your dermis — a deep layer of your skin.
What causes Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?
hyperpigmentation is a medical condition that can happen to both men and women. It affects people of all ages but is more common in people with darker skin tone. It happens when the skin to make extra melanin, which is what gives skin its color. The people who have darker skin tones can produce more Melanin when the skin is triggered..
There are three main types of hyperpigmentation including: age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory trauma.
some factors that can lead to hyperpigmentation include:
-Skin inflammation, an acne pimple or a psoriasis patches of skin.
-Major injury like burn or a minor injury caused by an insect bite or a cut.
-damage from the exposure to the sun.
-hormonal changes in general and the ones that happen during pregnancy which is called Mask of Pregnancy.
- A skin or hair care product that irritates your skin
- Some medical or cosmetic procedures like Laser or light therapies, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, and chemical peels.
What treatments do dermatologists recommend for hyperpigmentation?
To treat hyperpigmentation, people should choose medically reviewed products that is suitable for their skin type. Some brands offer items that work on all skin types and tones, and some brands only work for oily skin, dry skin, or combination skin.
Use a product with following ingredients that is know with the ability to fade dark spots like:
- Retinoid (retinol, tretinoin, adapalene gel, or tazarotene)
- Azelaic acid
- Glycolic acid
- Vitamin C
- Kojic acid
Here are some of the best Hyperpigmentation products:
Biluma cream enhances deposition of skin whitening agents inside the skin surface and leads to skin lightening, it contains Kojic Acid Dipalmitate, Arbutin, Liquorice, Mulberry extract, Tetrahydrocurcumin and Artocarpus extracts as its main ingredient.
Kozimax Skin Lightening Cream Indicates for hyper pigmentation, dark discoloration, age or sun spots, tans and sun damage. With the combination of 5% of Kojic acid and 10% of Vitamin C (In stable form) keeps Kozimax unique.
Obagi Retinol ,a highly effective retinol cream is designed with an entrapped retinol delivery system that gradually and gently releases ingredients to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while promoting skin turnover to help minimize the signs of aging skin .
Sunscreen is important to reduce hyperpigmentation. for daily application, sunscreen can stop new dark spots and patches from appearing. as well as help to clear existing ones. use a sunscreen that include one of these active ingredients, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide.
Here are some of the best sun protective products for Hyperpigmentation:
La Roche Posay sunscreen
La Roche Posay Sunscreen , a fragrance-free, organic filter (also known as chemical) facial sunscreen is suitable normal to combination skin and also specifically designed for sensitive skin types. It protects your skin without clogging pores. It is non eye-stinging.
Bioderma Photoderm Max Fluide offers a very high UVA/UVB anti-shine protection Pleasant and easy application thanks to a fluid texture as light as water Dry touch finish.
Ideal for all skin types, even combination to oily skin, sensitive skin or intolerant to all types of sunlight, very fair skin with freckles.
Cetaphil PRO Acne Prone Skin SPF30 Moisturizing Lotion is clinically proven to manage acne-prone skin while providing broad spectrum protection from the harmful rays. This gentle formula absorbs quickly and provides a matte finish.